Article 12218

Title of the article

THE AGING OF THE POPULATION AND THE FORMATION OF THE POPULATION NEEDS IN SOCIAL SERVICES

Authors

Savinov Leonid Ivanovich, Doctor of sociological sciences, professor, head of the department of social work, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), afanasev_vs@rambler.ru
Bistyaykina Dinara Asymovna, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, department of social work, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), dinaraas@mail.ru
Solov'eva Tat'yana Vladimirovna, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, department of social work, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia),  tanysha_v@bk.ru 

Index UDK

314.18 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3016-2018-2-12 

Abstract

Background. The article reveals global and typical for the modern Russia as a whole and in Mordovia in particular, the trend of population ageing and the related increase in demand for social services.
Materials and methods. The study consists of the following groups of methods: a) scientific: scientific literature analysis, secondary analysis studies, analysis of legal documents, synthesis; b) methods of research: methods of data collection – document analysis, analysis of statistical data; data processing methods – ranking, typology, mathematical methods of processing of sociological and statistical information.
Results. The results of this work are that the authors analyze the state of aging of the population and formation of population’s needs for social services in the Russian Federation and in the Republic of Mordovia. In the systematization of the obtained results of the study, the authors have identified global and typical for the modern Russia as a whole and in Mordovia in particular, the trend of population ageing and the related increase in demand for social services. This study contributes to the consideration of the theoretical and applied knowledge about the socio-demographic structure of modern society. The results can be applied in the educational process for students, and can be the basis of thematic lectures aimed at optimizing the familydemographic policy in the country and the region, through courses of advanced training of specialists working in social institutions, also used in institutions of social protection and social service of the population with a view to improving the performance of social services to various categories of citizens.
Conclusions. A global trend indicates the increasing life expectancy of the population. The achievement of a man of advanced age is objectively entail a change in social status and related image, the level and quality of life. The trend to population ageing are typical for Russia. For the demographic situation in the Republic of Mordovia is characterized by the following trends: population decline, an increase in mortality over birth rate, negative migration, a decreasing proportion of children, youth and working-age population in total population age structure and Vice versa increasing the proportion of disabled and pensioners This demographic trend leads
to increased demand for social services. In these conditions one of the most important and effective mechanisms for resolving and mitigating social problems of the elderly in the conditions of modernization of Russian society is the organization of their social service. Thus, over the years, the need for social services by older people in Russia is increasing. The Republic of Mordovia, where the population is older and life expectancy longer, the provision of such services is particularly relevant. 

Key words

population, ageing of population, life expectancy, ageing, social policy, social services 

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Дата создания: 14.01.2019 15:05
Дата обновления: 18.01.2019 09:48